Somaliland: Memories, Identity and War

A memorial commemorating those killed in the aerial bombardment of Hargeisa in 1988 Credit: MOHAMED ABDIWAHAB/AFP via Getty Images

Somalilandsun:  In January 1991, the Somali state collapsed into civil war after the fall of President Mohamed Siad Barre. For those living in what used to be British Somaliland, the violence began in 1988, when government forces bombed Hargeisa. Thousands fled to neighbouring Ethiopia, including Ismail Einashe, then a young boy, now a contributor to BBC Africa’s Letter from Africa. He reflects on his memories of that time, and Hartisheik refugee camp, to which he returned in 2019.

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